Sabtu, 29 September 2007

MAKANAN UNTUK PENDERITA OSTEOPOROSIS


Apa artinya osteoporosis
Osteoporosis merupakan suatu keadaan dimana berkurangnya massa tulang sehingga tulang menjadi lebih rapuh dan mudah patah

Tujuan diit ini
1. Membantu mencegah terjadinya osteoporosis
2. Membantu mengurangi kerapuhan masa tulang lebih lanjut
3. Agar dapat melakukan pekerjaan sehari-hari seperti biasanya

Perbedaan diit ini dengan makanan biasa
1. Bahan makanan yang digunakan berkalsium tinggi dan makanan sumber vitamin D
2. Sebagian besar protein yang digunakan golongan nabati
3. Penggunaan bahan makanan yang mengandung natrium dibatasi
4. Mengkonsumsi sayur dan buah dalam jumlah cukup
5. Menghindari konsumsi alkohol
6. Bila terlalu gemuk, jumlah kalori dibatasi

Bahan makanan sumber Kalsium :
1. Tinggi ( > 200 mg/100 gr BM )
Saridele bubuk, rebon, teri, udang kering, sarden, bayam, keju )
2. Sedang ( 100 – 200 mg/100 gr BM )
Brokoli, pecay, kacang ijo, tahu, tempe, susu
3. Rendah ( 10 – 100 mg / 100 gr BM )
Daging, ayam, hati, telur, ayam


MAKANAN YANG DIANJURKAN
1. Sumber hidrat arang : Semua bahan makanan sumber hidrat arang
2. Sumber Protein hewani : Ikan teri, ikan sarden, udang rebon kering, telur.
3. Sumber protein nabati : Kacang-kacangan dan hasil olahannya seperti tahu, tempe, oncom dan sebagainya
4. Lemak : minyak dalam jumlah terbatas
5. Sayuran : Sayuran hijau seperti bayam, kangkung, sawi hijau,kacang panjang, pakcoi dan caisim
6. Buah :Semua macam buah
7. Susu dan produk susu yang sudah diolah seperti keju, yoghurt, mentega, margarine.
8. Bumbu :Semua macam bumbu

BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER NATRIUM :
Roti, krekers, dendeng, abon, ikan asin, ikan pindang

BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER VITAMIN D
Susu, produk olahan susu ( keju, yoghurt ), kedelai, produk olahan kedelai ( tahu, tempe ), ikan, hati.

BAHAN MAKANAN YANG DIBATASI / BAHAN MAKANAN YANG DAPAT MENGHAMBAT PENYERAPAN KALSIUM
1. Kopi, teh kental, minuman yang mengandung soda dan alcohol.
2. Semua daging yang banyak mengandung lemak.
3. Bahan makanan yang berserat tinggi
BAGAIMANA SEBAIKNYA CARA MEMASAK ?
1. Cara-cara memasak yang baik ialah merebus, mengukus, mengungkep, menumis, memanggang atau membakar.
2. Hindarkankanlah makanan yang diolah dengan cara menggoreng.


C O N T O H M E N U
Pagi :
Roti bakar isi keju
Tomat
10.00 :
Bolu gulung Nanas
Siang :
Nasi
Pecel daun papaya
Tempe mendoan
Ikan Mas bakar
Melon
Malam :
Nasi
Tauge cah tahu teri
Brokoli saus bawang
Ayam goreng
Jeruk

Keterangan / catatan :
Penatalaksanaan diet sebaiknya diimbangin dengan Olah raga dan tubuh cukup terpapar sinar matahari, terutama sinar ultraviolet selama 5 – 15 menit/ hari.
Bila anda berminat berkonsultasi lebih lanjut silahkan kirim email pada alamat di bawah ini.
Bila anda berminat pasang iklan silahkan hubungi saya pada no. Hp dibawah ini.

20 komentar:

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Dear konsultasi gizi,
Ibu saya penderita osteoporosis sekaligus asam urat, makanan apa saja yang seharusnya dikonsumsi dan seharusnya dihindari?
Terima Kasih

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